PaisleyA teardrop shaped, fancy printed pattern, used in dresses, blouses, and men's ties.
Panné VelvetA type of lustrous, lightweight velvet fabric usually made of silk or a manufactured fiber, in which the pile has been flattened in one direction.
PantographsA part of the embroidery machine that rests on the tabletop and moves the hoop to form the embroidery pattern.
PantographThe bar, rack, or holder on which frames or hoops are attached. The pantograph moves in X and Y directions to form the embroidery design, controlled electronically or mechanically depending on the machine.
Paper TapeMedia that is made from a continuous reel of paper or Mylar tape containing x-y coordinate information used to control the pantograph movement with an embroidery design. Computer disks on newer machines have replaced paper tapes. A pattern storage medium that is made from a continuous reel of paper or Mylar tape containing x-y coordinate information used to control the pantograph movement. Computer disks on newer machines have replaced paper tapes.
Peach finishA soft hand (feel) usually obtained by sanding the fabric lightly; it can be achieved with chemical or laundry abrasion.
Peau de SoieHeavy twill woven satin fabric that can be draped. Made of silk or a manufactured fiber, and used for bridal gowns and eveningwear.
Pencil RubA low-cost way of producing a “sample” of an embroidery design. Accomplished by placing a piece of tracing paper over a sewn pattern and then rubbing lightly with a pencil to produce an impression of the embroidery.
Piece dyingFabrics that are dyed a solid color after they have been woven or knitted, but before they are sewn into a garment.
PercaleA medium weight, plain weave, low to medium thread count (180 to 250 threads per square inch) cotton-like fabric. End-uses include sheets, blouses, and dresses.
Peruvian Pima CottonPeruvian Pima Cotton is often referred to as the "cashmere of cotton"- the softest, smoothest, "silkiest" fabric you can wear. Shrinkage standard for Peruvian Pima fabrics is a maximum of 5 x 5 if the garment is washed following directions on the label.
PFDPrepare for dyeing. It indicates that the garment has been specifically prepared for the garment-dyeing process.
Pigment dyeingA class of dye used on cotton or poly/cotton. Neon or fluorescent colors are done with pigments. Dyers also do a distressed look using pigments. Pigments have the least degree of fastness of all the dyes, but create the brightest colors. Pigment dyes will typically stay in the pastel range unless it’s neon. You cannot deepen color with a pigment.
Pile KnitA type of knit construction that utilizes a special yarn or a sliver that is interlooped into a standard knit base. This construction is used in the formation of imitation fur fabrics, in special liners for cold weather apparel such as jackets and coats, and in some floor coverings. While any basic knit stitch may be used for the base of pile knits, the most common is the jersey stitch.
Pile WeaveA type of decorative weave in which a pile is formed by additional warp or filling yarns interlaced in such a way that loops are formed on the surface or face of the fabric. The loops may be left uncut, or they may be cut to expose yarn ends and produce cut pile fabric.
PillA tangled ball of fibers that appears on the surface of a fabric, as a result of wear or continued friction or rubbing on the surface of the fabric.
Pima cottonHigh-quality yarn made by plying yarns spun from long combed staple.
Pinpoint oxfordTwo fine yarns that are wrapped together for a fine and luxurious hand.
PiquéA medium-weight fabric, either knit or woven, with raised dobby designs including cords, wales, waffles, or patterns. Woven versions have cords running lengthwise, or in the warp direction. Knitted versions are double-knit fabric constructions, created on multi-feed circular knitting machines.
PlacketThe construction that forms the opening in the front of the shirt, allowing the wearer to put it on and take it off with ease.
Plain WeaveA basic weave, utilizing a simple alternate interlacing of warp and filling yarns. Any type of yarn made from any type of fiber can be manufactured into a plain weave fabric.
Simplest, most common of all basic weaves. The surface provides a smooth surface for printing.
Plied YarnA twisting together of two or more single yarns in one operation.
PlisséA lightweight, plain weave, fabric, made from cotton, rayon, or acetate, and characterized by a puckered striped effect, usually in the warp direction. The crinkled effect is created through the application of a caustic soda solution, which shrinks the fabric in the areas of the fabric where it is applied. Plissé is similar in appearance to seersucker. End-uses include dresses, shirts, pajamas, and bedspreads.
Polar fleeceKnitted using 100% fine denier polyester yarns. The pile is napped on the front and back to promote a very soft hand with exceptional loft. This is a fine denier knit that also allows the fabric to dry quickly.
PolyesterA manufactured fiber introduced in the early 1950s, and is second only to cotton in worldwide use. Polyester has high strength (although somewhat lower than nylon), excellent resiliency, and high abrasion resistance. Low absorbency allows the fiber to dry quickly.
Polypropylene (also known as polyolefin and Olefin)A manufactured fiber characterized by its lightweight, high strength, and abrasion resistance. Polypropylene is also good at transporting moisture, creating a wicking action. End-uses include active wear apparel, rope, indoor-outdoor carpets, lawn furniture, and upholstery.
PongeeThe most common form is a naturally colored lightweight, plain weave, and silk-like fabric with a slubbed effect. End-uses include blouses, dresses, etc.
PoplinA fabric made using a rib variation of the plain weave that is a medium to heavy unbalanced plain weave. Is spun yarn that is usually pieced dyed. The construction is characterized by having a slight ridge effect in one direction, usually the filling. Poplin used to be associated with casual clothing, but as the "world of work" has become more relaxed, this fabric has developed into a staple of men's wardrobes, being used frequently in casual trousers.
Powder dyeingProcess that allows polyester to blend with cotton to give a garment a dyed appearance. Powder dyed garments ensure consistent color, wash after wash.
Presser FootA metal ring around the needle that touches the fabric inside the hoop while the needle is down and beginning to rise to form a needle loop in embroidery or sewing. The main function of the presser foot is to hold the fabric stationary until the hook point catches the thread loop formed by the needle. It helps to minimize flagging and therefore indirectly aids in loop formation.
Pre-TensionerThread tension of embroidery machine assembly that is located before that main tension assembly in the thread path. The function of the pre-tensioner is to apply a light amount of tension in order to remove any kinks in the thread prior to entering the main tensioner. See tensioner or tension assembly.
PrintProFleece fabric construction with a two-end yarn system that allows for an increase in the amount of stitches per square yard.
PuckeringResult of the fabric being gathered by the stitches in embroidery. Causes include incorrect density, loose hooping, insufficient backing, or incorrect thread tensions.
PunchingConversion of artwork into a series of commands to be read by an embroidery machine’s computer. Derived from an earlier method in paper tapes or Jacquards punched with holes controlled the movement of the pantograph and other commands. While still capable of producing paper tape, most computerized digitizing systems now store this information on a disk format.
Purl StitchA basic stitch used in weft knitting, which produces knit fabrics that have the same appearance on both sides. The purl stitch is frequently used in combination with the jersey and rib stitches to produce a knitted fabric design. Sweaters, knitted fabrics for infants and children's wear, knitted fabrics for specialized sportswear, and bulky knit fabrics are commonly made using the purl stitch.
Push and Pull CompensationA degree of distortion built into a design by the digitizer to compensate for the push or pull on the fabric caused by the embroidery stitches. This can help prevent a digitized circle from looking like an egg shape when sewn out. Generally, it is necessary to extend horizontal elements and reduce vertical elements.
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